health and safety at work act 1974 section 2 pdf

Health And Safety At Work Act 1974 Section 2 Pdf

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Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974

Employers must protect the 'health, safety and welfare' at work of all their employees , as well as others on their premises, including temps, casual workers , the self-employed , clients, visitors and the general public. However, these duties are qualified with the words 'so far as is reasonably practicable'. But it does not mean they can avoid their responsibilities simply by claiming that they cannot afford improvements. These set out detailed responsibilities for your employer in every aspect of workplace health and safety, from working safely with computers, to stress and hazardous chemicals. The Act contains powers for the HSE to enforce these employer duties and penalties for non-compliance. Stay up to date with the TUC and get the latest news and get early access.

Training matters

The Health and Safety at Work etc Act HSWA , supported by a raft of health and safety regulations, provides the legislative framework for ensuring that employees and non-employees are not exposed to risk from work activities in the UK. The general duties imposed by HSWA apply in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland and many of the regulations equally apply across jurisdiction although Scotland and Northern Ireland also have jurisdiction specific regulations in some cases. For information on the investigation and enforcement of health and safety breaches in Scotland, see the dedicated suite of content in Scottish health and safety law—overview. The general duties imposed by HSWA include:. In Practice Note: Safety and the risk to safety under the Health and Safety at Work Act , the law relating to health and safety at work for employees and non-employees under HSWA is considered in detail and the key concepts of reasonable practicability, foreseeability and material risk in health and safety cases is assessed. In Practice Note: Failure to carry out health and safety duties under HSWA —offences , the offence of employers failing to comply with specified duties to ensure the health and safety of employees and member of the public who may be affected by their work activities under HSWA , ss 2 — 6 are considered. It also covers the penalties which can be imposed following conviction and the powers of the court to order remedial action or forfeiture.


2 General duties of employers to their employees.U.K. · (1)It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and.


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This short guide explains why it is important for businesses to invest in health and safety training. It gives summary advice on areas of likely training need, how to get started and where to go for further information and advice. Accidents and ill health associated with work lead not just to needless pain and suffering but to huge costs and loss of business continuity.

The Health and Safety at Work etc. The Act defines general duties on employers , employees , contractors , suppliers of goods and substances for use at work, persons in control of work premises, and those who manage and maintain them, and persons in general. The Act enables a broad regime of regulation by government ministers through Statutory Instrument which has, in the years since , generated an extensive system of specific provisions for various industries, disciplines and risks. It established a system of public supervision through the creation of the Health and Safety Commission and Health and Safety Executive , since merged, and bestows extensive enforcement powers, ultimately backed by criminal sanctions extending to unlimited fines and imprisonment for up to two years. Further, the Act provides a critical interface with the law of the European Union on workplace health and safety.

Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974

Who enforces Health and Safety Legislation?

This NEU briefing tells you about the framework of health and safety law - in particular about the legal duties placed on employees, employers and others by the Health and Safety at Work etc Act and about other sources of health and safety law. Health and safety legislation in the UK developed over the years in a rather piecemeal way. By the s there was legislation covering a number of different areas of employment including factories, mines and quarries, offices and shops, agriculture, railways and building and construction. The law contained a number of unsatisfactory gaps. For example, some areas of employment, covering large numbers of workers, such as the education sector, the health service and road transport were not covered by any safety legislation, while some types of hazard were not controlled by law. This situation was completely changed by the introduction of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act

To ensure you enjoy the best possible online experience with us, this site uses cookies. By using our site, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our cookie policy. Click the accept button to hide this notification. The Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act , which repealed and replaced the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act was brought in to make further provision for the safety, health and welfare of persons at work. The Act also details the role and functions of the Health and Safety Authority, provides for a range of enforcement measures that may be applied and specifies penalties that may be applied for breach of occupational safety and health. The Act applies to all employers, self-employed and employees in all places of work. It also places duties on designers, suppliers, manufacturers and others concerned with work activities.

All pages of the Act can be found here. Prior to the introduction of the Health and Safety at Work Act, the UK had no comprehensive legislation that dealt with workplace health and safety. Instead, there was lots of disconnected and unsystematic pieces of sector-specific legislation, with separate laws for factories, offices, shops, mines, construction and railways. These regulations were prescriptive and did not cover technological developments or provide legal protection for the public. A number of incidents exposed the dangers of a lack of fundamental health and safety protection for workers. In , the James Watt Street fire in Glasgow resulted in the deaths of 22 factory workers.

In summary, the Health and Safety at Work Act outlines the legal duties that employers have to protect the health, safety and welfare at work of all of their employees. This also extends to other people visiting the workplace premises such as temporary workers, casual workers, self-employed workers, clients, visitors and the general public. The Act provides the framework that allows the government to issue health and safety-related regulations, guidance to employers, and Approved Codes of Practice.

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4 comments

Daniel F.

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All pages of the Act can be found here.

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