nutrition and multiple sclerosis pdf

Nutrition And Multiple Sclerosis Pdf

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Published: 09.05.2021

Lots of different diets claim to provide health benefits to people with MS.

Multiple Sclerosis and Diet: All You Need to Know

There is no cure, but there are various treatments, and certain dietary choices may help some people. When a person develops multiple sclerosis MS , the myelin that coats nerve fibers becomes damaged. As a result, the nerves start to lose the ability to transmit electrical signals. This means that the brain becomes less able to tell the muscles what to do, often leading to symptoms such as pain, weakness, and tingling.

A person may also notice mood changes, fatigue , trembling, and other complications. In remitting-relapsing MS, the symptoms come and go. A person experiences symptoms that flare, or relapse, and times of remission.

In other types of MS, which are progressive, the symptoms gradually worsen. Often, a person receives the diagnosis of MS between the ages of 20 and 40 , but it can develop at any time.

Dietary factors may have some impact. Understanding the role of the diet in MS and making certain changes may result in fewer relapses, a lower risk of health complications, and a better quality of life.

Learn more about MS and what treatment entails here. MS appears to be an autoimmune disease, in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the nervous system.

Certain foods may benefit people with MS by affecting how the immune system, the nerves, and other parts of the body work.

Changes in gut health may contribute to immune disorders, and research indicates that the health of the gut appears to play a role in many kinds of diseases. The intestinal flora, or gut flora, is a highly complex system of microorganisms that live in the intestines. In humans, these microorganisms are largely bacteria. The bacteria are responsible for breaking down food and nutrients, and they play a key role in digestion and the health of the immune system.

Healthy gut flora thrive in the intestines when there is ample fiber in the diet. A lack of healthy gut flora may contribute to a range of immune disorders, including MS. Anyone with the condition should have a diet that supports a healthy immune system, and one that promotes beneficial gut flora may help. Probiotics are foods that can boost levels of beneficial bacteria in the gut, helping to strengthen the immune system. The authors of a study in Nature Communications suggest that adjusting the gut flora, by using probiotics, for example, may be helpful for people with MS.

Probiotic bacteria are available in supplements and a range of fermented foods. The following all contain healthful levels of Lactobacillus , which is one type of beneficial bacteria:. After filling the gut with good bacteria, it is important to feed them. Foods that nourish probiotic bacteria are called prebiotics, and they contain fiber. People with MS may have a higher risk of certain types of heart disease.

While dietary measures may not reduce these risks, a healthful diet will benefit overall heart health. Find out more about fiber and why we need it. Vitamin D is important for everyone, but it may be especially beneficial for people with MS. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke , people with high levels of vitamin D appear to have a lower chance of developing MS. Vitamin D is also important for bone health.

People with MS may be more likely to experience low bone density and osteoporosis , especially if they are not able to move easily. An adequate intake of vitamin D may help prevent this. A review published in notes that, while evidence of a link between low vitamin D levels and MS is accumulating, confirming the link will require more research.

Learn more about the benefits of vitamin D. Biotin is a form of vitamin B, and some people call it vitamin H. It occurs in many foods, but good sources include:. Researchers have been looking into whether biotin might benefit people with MS. Findings from small studies indicate that a high dosage of biotin — between and milligrams per day — could help people with progressive MS, in which symptoms gradually become more severe.

Confirming and specifying the benefits of biotin supplementation will require more research, but following a healthful diet can often ensure that a person is consuming enough of this vitamin. What does the research say about biotin for MS? Learn more here. Investigations into whether a diet rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFAs directly helps relieve MS symptoms have yielded mixed results.

However, there is evidence that these acids help support a healthy body and control inflammation. The study looked at data from more than , women. PUFAs appear to boost bodily functions ranging from cardiac health to the ability to think.

Examples of foods that contain PUFAs include fatty fish, such as salmon and mackerel, and some plant-based oils. These effects may help prevent cell damage, making polyphenols potentially useful for people with MS. Sources of polyphenols include:. Antioxidants can also help prevent oxidative stress , which researchers have linked to a wide range of health problems. Some antioxidants — specifically resveratrol, which occurs in grapes — appear to help protect the nervous system.

What are antioxidants and why do we need them? A review published in concluded that obesity during childhood and adolescence might increase the risk of developing MS. The researchers also noted that obesity could affect the progression of the disease. In addition, a person with MS who loses mobility or who finds movement more challenging may have a higher risk of putting on extra weight.

Managing the diet to prevent weight gain may also help prevent MS symptoms from worsening. For more science-backed resources on nutrition, visit our dedicated hub. An article published in ASN Neuro in noted that people with MS who have a moderate or high sodium intake are more likely to experience a relapse of symptoms or develop a new lesion.

These, they point out, can trigger inflammation in the body. A healthful diet that includes fresh fruits and vegetables can reduce inflammation, due to its antioxidant effects. Anyone on a specific diet needs to be sure that they are consuming all the required daily nutrients.

A person who eliminates a particular food or food group should ensure that they replace any nutrients lost. Research has not confirmed a link between gluten and MS, but people with MS appear to have a higher likelihood of developing celiac disease , which prevents the body from tolerating gluten. Both diseases seem to stem from a problem with the immune system.

Foods that contain gluten include :. People who follow a gluten-free diet may miss out on important nutrients, including fiber, which is present in whole grains. They should boost their fiber intake by eating plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, and pulses. Many people on the Paleo, or Paleolithic, diet believe that the human body has not evolved to eat the highly processed foods that we now consume. The diet involves switching to foods that were likely eaten by hunter-gatherers.

The first step is to choose natural foods over processed foods, with an emphasis on meat and plant-based foods, but not grains. In a review , researchers, including an advocate of the Paleo diet, compared a modified version of it with another diet — the Swank diet — to test, among other factors, the effects on MS-related fatigue. There is some evidence that the diets may reduce this fatigue, but confirming this will require more research. Learn more about the Paleo diet and how to follow it.

Doctors developed the Swank diet as an MS treatment in the s. It reduces saturated fat intake to, at most, 15 grams per day and recommends limiting unsaturated fat intake to 20—50 grams per day. Possible risks include deficiencies in folic acid and vitamins A, C, and E. In , the National MS Society reviewed a number of diets and their impact on the disease. The authors conclude that there is not enough evidence to recommend one diet over another and acknowledge that most of the diets restrict or leave out the same types of food.

Anyone considering making major changes to their diet or lifestyle should talk to a doctor first. Changes in thinking : These can involve attention-related difficulties, memory loss, forgetting certain words, and problems with abstraction. Vision problems : A person may experience blurred or double vision , red-green color distortion, or partial or complete vision loss in one eye. Muscle problems : These can include weakness, numbness, and difficulty with coordination and balance.

In severe cases, MS can result in partial or complete paralysis. People with MS can also experience bladder problems, falls, depression , or a range of other secondary symptoms. MS affects the nervous system and can lead to a wide variety of primary and secondary symptoms and health issues. It is a lifelong condition that may come and go or progress steadily, depending on the type. Some people only ever experience mild tingling, while others become unable to move or talk.

Most people with MS remain mobile, however, and the majority of people with MS have the same life expectancies as people without the condition. Healthful dietary choices can benefit people with MS, and certain changes may alter the progress of the condition or prevent specific symptoms.

This app provides access to expert content on MS, as well as peer support through one-on-one conversations and live group discussions. Download the app for iPhone or Android. There are many simple home remedies that can help with multiple sclerosis MS nerve pain in the legs, feet, arms, and back. Many remedies will also….

As multiple sclerosis MS progresses, lesions may form in the brain. With magnetic resonance imaging, doctors can use the lesions to track the…. Itching is one type of dysesthesia, or abnormal sensation, that occurs in people with multiple sclerosis. In this article, learn about why it occurs….

Multiple sclerosis (MS) diet tips

This review seeks to examine current research related to the role of diet in multiple sclerosis MS. Recent research in preclinical models, epidemiologic studies, and limited prospectively followed cohorts provide preliminary evidence that dietary factors influence MS incidence, disease course, and symptomatology. Current evidence for the effects of fatty acids, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and salt are reviewed. Dietary patterns including overall diet quality, caloric restriction, McDougall diet, Paleolithic diet, and Mediterranean diet are discussed. Hypotheses regarding potential mechanistic connections underlying observed effects are also presented. Several individual dietary components and patterns demonstrate potential for significant impact in MS.

Enter date in the format yyyy-mm-dd. Sorted by Relevance. Sort by Date. Showing results 1 to View options for downloading these results. Neurological diseases are frequently associated with swallowing disorders and malnutrition.


Food for Thought—MS and Nutrition .pdf) A guide to healthy eating—includes managing symptoms, changing eating habits, and the effects of diet on MS.


The Role of Diet in Multiple Sclerosis: Mechanistic Connections and Current Evidence

There is no cure, but there are various treatments, and certain dietary choices may help some people. When a person develops multiple sclerosis MS , the myelin that coats nerve fibers becomes damaged. As a result, the nerves start to lose the ability to transmit electrical signals.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Riccio and R. Riccio , R. Rossano Published

Multiple sclerosis MS is one of the most common neurological disorders. It affects around , U. This article explains how diet may affect MS and provides a guide for dietary changes that may help manage its symptoms.

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The role of nutrition in multiple sclerosis : a story yet to be written

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