software project manager interview questions and answers pdf

Software Project Manager Interview Questions And Answers Pdf

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Top 45 Project Manager Interview Questions For 2020

These are temporary, in the sense that they are not routine work like production activity but most often one time set of activities undertaken. Provide some examples. A project for a product will result in a complete product or part of a product.

An example would be the creation of the Microsoft Surprise tablet that used a liquid magnesium deposition process to create the enclosure. The process developed in the project will be used for subsequent production of the tablet. Proper completion means implies achievement of end results within given cost and time constraints. It usually means balancing of the constraints of scope, budget, schedule, quality, risks and resources.

Most often any project goes through some easily identifiable set of activities during its lifetime. Some typical activities can be identified as related initiating a project. Planning set of activities are required to plan the activities to be undertaken to achieve the defined goals.

Executing group of activities help getting the project done. A related set of activities are required to monitor and correct the course of actions to keep the project on the planned course charted for it. Final set of activities are related to the systematic closure of the project. Most important of which is, of course, to formally record what has been learnt during the execution of the project.

When documented, this set of documents, related forms to be used, the way estimates are to be made, database of estimates of similar projects etc. What do you think is the difference between projects, programs and a portfolio? Projects are undertaken for a specific or a set of related purposes. A program is a set of projects managed in a coordinated manner to achieve different parts of an overall goal. For example the NASA lunar landing program had the development of the command module and the lunar landing modules as separate projects.

A portfolio is a collection of projects, programs and even other portfolios that help an organization achieve some common high level business purpose. Any person, organization or an entity whose interest is affected, positively or negatively, because of the project.

The influence of stakeholders is an important issue to take into account in any planning and subsequently during execution of it as well. Every organization has a certain way of doing things, collective wisdom about how things can best be done, etc. These influences need to be taken into account when estimating, planning for activities related to projects.

These are often mentioned as organizational environmental factors. A project has distinct phases when the range of activities required to carry out the project work differ.

The points in time when the phase changes happen are named variously as phase gate, exits, milestones or kill points. If a project is to be closed, it is decided at these stages based on the performance or if the need of the project has disappeared. This is a document where it all begins. Project authorization is done on this document and a project would be initiated with the top level requirements listed in this document.

Initial requirements as seen by stakeholders and the outcomes of the project also are listed in it. Baselines are the final version of all plans before the project execution starts. Project baselines are the starting versions of all related plans of a project, be it the time schedule, the quality plan, the communication plan or whatever. This acts as the reference against which project performance is measured. Besides being a good professional manager, the PM needs to have additional personal skills for being effective.

It is not only essential for him to have project management skills but be proficient in them. Attitude, core personality characteristics and leadership qualities are needed. Team management and leadership skills that help the team reach common objectives and goals are required. A process is a defined way of doing things. Not only does the process define the actions to be taken but also in what sequence they are to be carried out.

Process groups are a set of processes that are applicable to various stages of a project. For example, initiating process group, planning process group, etc. Each of the processes has a defined set of inputs and produce defined outputs by applying a set of tools and techniques on the input. Scope management, time and cost management knowledge areas are quite obvious. Same goes for quality management too.

To complete a project in all its aspects one needs to be aware of the project integration knowledge area. Communications is an essential issue so is the communication management knowledge. Procurement and risk management are two vital support areas.

Since people get things done Human resources management is also an equally important area. RAID stand for risks, assumptions, issues and dependencies. These are vital items that a PM should always be aware of. There are always risks about actions and a PM must take least risk actions. Unless assumptions about any estimates or actions are clear, these can go wrong.

Issues and dependencies also limit the choices of actions often. It starts with a project charter development. Project management plan development is another important activity. Direct and manage project execution and monitor and control are plans that are to be followed all through the project. Closing of the project or the current phase is the final set of activities for integration management.

Since changes are often unavoidable an integrated change management plan must be developed to guide all changes systematically. SOW or the statement of work is a detailed description of the outcomes of the project in terms of what products, services or results are expected from the project.

Most detailed SOW are usually given by the customer if he is the one requesting the project. Typically this process involves collecting requirements, defining scope, creating WBS, verifying scope and controlling the scope. Controlling the scope process must minimize scope creep. Through the integrated change control process.

Requested changes will have to be reviewed by a change control board. Only the approved changes shall be included in the document changes guiding project execution. Work breakdown structure defines the work activities required for the project and the sub activities of each of the work requirement. The breakdown goes down to levels where all the work required is clearly understood. Work need not be broken down further than that.

Work breakdown dictionary includes additional details that help define the tasks. Time and effort estimates can be accurate when everything about the work and dependencies are known. Milestone is a point in project schedule when some objective, a part of a result or a part of the planned services planned are achieved.

Product breakdown, requirements analysis, systems engineering, systems analysis, value engineering, value analysis and alternatives analysis. Alternatives analysis can be helped by brain storming, lateral thinking and pair-wise comparisons, etc. When the activity effort and resource estimates are known getting the work done depends on how the tasks are sequenced. Dependencies with other activities have to be clearly known.

The basic sequence is determined by what activities should be carried out first and what should follow. Most optimized sequencing would give you the best possible time needed given the resources allocation is ideal and there are no constraints there.

Scheduling is done from activities list prepared after WBS has been finalized. Parametric estimates, three point estimates and analogous estimates are the techniques used for estimating activity time estimates. There are 2 formulas to calculate 3 point estimation. Activity scheduling network diagram is the most common form of representation for the project time schedule.

This is often accompanied by milestone chart, and bar charts. It may be possible, due to dependencies, to start a task later than the date on the schedule, similarly an activity could be completed later as there are no other activity waiting for its completion. These time pads are called floats. There is always a path from start to finish, which does not have any floats. Not only all the activities in the path must be carried out in planned time, but also there cannot be any delays.

Any delays will directly reflect on project completion time. This chain of activities or the path from start to finish is known as the critical path. Crashing and fast tracking are two methods of accelerating a project time schedule. Crashing method tries to optimize the schedule making use of the time floats available while keeping costs under control.

Fast tracking is to make selected activities faster by applying additional resources if necessary. It may mean paying team members overtime, paying for the time of a consultant, etc. It is the difference in estimated effort and the effort actually needed. Work performance is monitored periodically to find if there is any variance in efforts so that corrective actions could be taken.

PMB, performance measurement baseline is the aggregation of all planned values. Variances from baselines are determined and Schedule variance SV and cost variance CV are calculated. If earned value is equal to the planned value then the project is achieving what it is supposed to. If there is schedule or cost variance is significant, appropriate action needs to be taken to correct the slips.

► Project Management Questions And Answers Pdf

Senior executives and HR managers recognize project management as indispensable to business success. They know that skilled and credentialed project managers are among their most valuable resources. The Project Management Institute reports in a survey that in the U. When it comes to hiring qualified project managers, things get a little tricky, and candidates are reviewed in several ways. Will the candidate fit into the culture of the organization? Will the candidate get along with other team members and lead them effectively?

The Process.. Acing the Interview Welcome! My name is Sandra and I will walk you through these guidelines, which …. Link to this page:. What were some of the key challenges and how did you handle those challenges? What was your approach to resolve the issues while maintaining a positive relationship? How did you handle it?

Uncover the top project manager interview questions✔️that will help you prepare for Your answer to this project management interview question should clearly Be sure to name any software programs, online tools, and other things that.


You are a professional and applied to a project management position recently. The employer invited you to the project manager interview. However, you did not attend a job interview recently or you are nervous about the project manager interview you will attend. You are looking for common project manager interview questions and answers.

Top 57 Project Management Interview Questions and Answers (Updated for 2021)

Jeff Gillis 0 Comments.

What do you believe more in, a Leader or a Manager and why? Answer: This question is also more from agile mind-set where rather than managers, leaders are required and the team is self-organizing. At the same time, the manager is required to manage the project efficiently and has to make some tough decisions during the course of the project. How do you deal with underperforming project team members?

Дверь снова приоткрылась на дюйм. В Третьем узле виднелось голубоватое сияние: терминалы по-прежнему работали; они обеспечивали функционирование ТРАНСТЕКСТА, поэтому на них поступало аварийное питание. Сьюзан просунула в щель ногу в туфле Феррагамо и усилила нажим. Дверь подалась. Стратмор сменил положение.

Top 36 Project Manager Interview Questions and Answers

 Нет! - отрезала Сьюзан.  - Он стал калекой из-за этих бомб.

 - Вон. Беккер совсем забыл о кольце, об Агентстве национальной безопасности, обо всем остальном, проникшись жалостью к девушке. Наверное, родители отправили ее сюда по какой-то школьной образовательной программе, снабдив кредитной карточкой Виза, а все кончилось тем, что она посреди ночи вкалывает себе в туалете наркотик.

Здесь имелась масса всяческих сведений.  - И откуда мы знаем, что именно ищем. Одно различие от природы, другое - рукотворное.

В дальнем конце палаты появилась медсестра и быстро направилась к. - Хоть что-нибудь, - настаивал Беккер.


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