economic problems of pakistan and their solutions pdf

Economic Problems Of Pakistan And Their Solutions Pdf

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Economy of Pakistan

Since India independence the country's independence in , the economy of Pakistan has emerged as a semi- industrialized one, the on textiles , agriculture , and food production, though recent years have seen a push towards technological diversification. Pakistan's GDP growth has been gradually on the rise since and the country has made significant improvements in its provision of energy and security. However, decades of corruption and internal political conflict have usually led to low levels of foreign investment and underdevelopment. Historically, the land forming modern-day Pakistan was home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization from BC to BC, and evidence suggests that its inhabitants were skilled traders. Although the subcontinent enjoyed economic prosperity during the Mughal era, growth steadily declined during the British colonial period. Since independence, economic growth has meant an increase in average income of about percent from to , But Pakistan like many other developing countries, has not been able to narrow the gap between itself and rich industrial nations, which have grown faster on a per head basis. Per capita GNP growth rate from to was only 1.

Pakistan has been facing different challenges regarding to its economy. The economic situation of Pakistan is very critical and people are looking towards the solution of these challenges faced by the economy of Pakistan. Pakistan has different opportunities which can help it to solve its economic problem. But without tackling long term challenges and problems decisively, country will no longer be able to take advantages of opportunities. Some of the solutions of these problems are offering low interest rate, collection of the taxes, proper use of young labor force, use of technology, governance and decentralization. Decentralization is one of the factors which can help increase the economy of the country.

Economic history of Pakistan

After several experiments in economic restructuring, Pakistan currently operates a mixed economy in which state-owned enterprises account for a large portion of gross domestic product GDP. The country has experimented with several economic models during its existence. Further changes were made in the s, under the military government of Zia ul-Haq. Though portions of the Islamic economy have remained in place, the state began in the s to privatize—in whole or in part—large sectors of the nationalized economy. The economy, which was primarily agricultural at the time of independence, has become considerably diversified. Agriculture, now no longer the largest sector, contributes roughly one-fifth of GDP, while manufacturing provides about one-sixth. Trade and services, which combined constitute the largest component of the economy, have grown considerably.

More than 2, people have died, including at least four provincial legislators. Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world, with dense cities where contagion spreads far and fast. This virus, alongside measures to mitigate it, poses major risks to lives and livelihoods with impacts that could last for decades, the study says. Public health systems were stretched long before the pandemic, with a ratio of one doctor to people and one hospital bed to 1, people. Its shortage of trained medical staff is estimated at , doctors and 1. While the poverty rate declined by 40 percent over the last two decades to Real GDP growth is expected to slow by 3 percent, with downturns in services and manufacturing.

Different challenges and prospects of Pakistan’s economy

Environmental issues in Pakistan include air pollution , water pollution , noise pollution , climate change , pesticide misuse, soil erosion , natural disasters , desertification and flooding. According to the latest global environment performance index EPI ranking Pakistan is in the list of countries which suffer from poor air quality. The climatic changes and global warming are most alarming issues risking millions of life across country.

People stand in circles drawn with chalk to maintain safe distance outside a bank, during a lockdown, after Pakistan shut all markets, public places and discouraged large gatherings amid an outbreak of coronavirus disease COVID , in Lahore, Pakistan March 30, These are extraordinary times. Economies all over the world, including Pakistan, have come to a screeching halt. An economy that was only just recovering from an external crisis that saw the country go back to the International Monetary Fund IMF for another bailout has now been dealt a body blow whose impact is unimaginable. During every major economic crisis in Pakistan—and there have been several of them—the wheels of the informal economy have chugged along.

Environmental issues in Pakistan

 Выходит, по-твоему, Стратмор лжет. - Не в этом дело, - дипломатично ответила Мидж, понимая, что ступает на зыбкую почву.  - Еще не было случая, чтобы в моих данных появлялись ошибки. Поэтому я хочу узнать мнение специалиста. - Что ж, - сказал Джабба, - мне неприятно первым тебя разочаровать, но твои данные неверны.

Economic history of Pakistan

Вероятно, Цифровая крепость - это стандартный алгоритм для общего пользования, тем не менее эти компании не смогут его вскрыть. - Это блистательная рекламная операция, - сказал Стратмор.  - Только подумай - все виды пуленепробиваемого стекла непроницаемы для пуль, но если компания предлагает вам попробовать пробить ее стекло, все хотят это сделать.

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