Workshop Hazards And Control Measures Pdf
File Name: workshop hazards and control measures .zip
Specific hazards should be assessed on a separate risk assessment form and cross-referenced with this document. Specific assessments are available for hazardous substances, biological agents, display screen equipment, manual handling operations and fieldwork.
- Generic Mechanical Workshop risk assessment
- Hazard and Risk
- Maintenance Workshop
- 3. Manual Handling Control Measures
Generic Mechanical Workshop risk assessment
A short summary of this paper. PrefaceDeath is everywhere! Many died in well known and publicized political uprisings, occupy campaigns, Eurozone turbulence, starvation and malnutrition; however, millions died silently as a result of hazards in workplaces. In as much as we live in environments laden with hazards and treats to life ironically, within this environment, we still exist and we make progress at the expense of safety; thereby creating trade-offs in workplaces.
These must be properly managed and secured if we must live in safety. What is Safety? Depending on one's perspective, the concept of safety have different expressions, few among which are presented below: a Safety is a state of zero accidents or a state of no-serious incidents or occurrence; b Safety is freedom from danger or risks, i. Those factors which cause or are likely to cause harm; c Attitude towards unsafe acts and conditions by employees reflecting a "safe" corporate culture ; d The degree to which the inherent risks in workplaces are "acceptable"; e The process of hazard identification and risk management; and f The control of accidental loss of persons and property, and damage to the environment to minimal level.
Workplace Safety Situation in NigeriaThe industrial safety laws, the Trade Unions NLC and the government have not been able to achieve more in stemming the tide of abuse of equipment and machinery use on one hand and the protection of workers against hazards resulting from such abuses on the other. Several field experiences and surveys carried out in the past has revealed the level of ignorance and lack of compliance to safety rules and the consequence of breaking such rules are grave and costly.
Despite these efforts, not much has been achieved in safeguarding workplace accidents and injuries. To fully appreciate the place of workplace safety, this book identified some key factors governing safety in workplaces including agricultural farms, workshops, playgrounds, homes, offices.
The concept of safety as expressed in this book addresses the 3Ws www of workplace safety and accident prevention:What to do to be safe in our environment and workplaces? Where and how does hazards occurred andWhat are the consequences of such hazards?
This book provides a guide to workers' safety attitude and offers safety training programme to ensuring a safe work environment. It is your safety we talk about; therefore, you have a responsibility to ensure safety in your workplace and environment.
Make rules about safety HOWEVER,Ensure safety by locking dangers away CHAPTER 1 Workplace Hazards and AssessmentWorkers within a workplace are exposed to a variety of workplace and environmental hazards that are potentially harmful to their health and well-being WorkplaceA workplace can described as anywhere where work is done, or where work is to be performed by a worker or a person conducting a business or an undertaking.
Therefore settings such as workshops, construction sites, factory, business shop, offices, farm shops, home, play ground etc. Safe workplaceA safe workplace is any work environment in which hazard occurrences are reduced to the barest minimum by observing in strict compliance the principles of safe-work procedures. The following principles have been identified for a safe operation in any workplace.
It is the responsibility of workers to always bear in minds that:1 Safety is an ethical responsibility 2 Safety is a culture, not a program 3 Management employer is responsible for workers safety 4 Employees workers must be trained to work safely 5 Safety is a condition of employment 6 All workplace injuries are preventable 7 Safety programs must be site specific, with constant safety audit of the workplace 8 Prompt corrective action could prevent an injury 9 Accidents never occur unless there is a mistake.
Avoid one Workplace hazard HazardHazard is described as any situation, condition or extreme events natural or caused with a certain degree of probability of having adverse consequences on safety or health of workers. Workplace hazard expresses any activity having potential to adversely or negatively impact affect human health, property, or the environment within the workplace. Such hazards could cause harm, injury or death in extreme cases.
Classes of hazardHazard can be classified as either safety hazard or health hazard according to OSHA Safety hazards refer to those circumstances that can cause immediate injury to a worker.
For example, if electrical equipment are not properly grounded, could become energized and possibly electrocute an employee. Or, if a worker's hands were to contact a saw blade, he or she could have one or more fingers cut off instantly. Sources of safety hazards includes 1. Point of operation b. Rotary and reciprocating movements c. In-running nip points pinch points etc. Kickbacks from machine due to sudden loading and impact 3. Flying chips, material etc. Tool projection e.
Fire and explosion hazards 6. Electrical hazards as a result of exposed or un-insulated life wireHealth hazards are associated with long term exposure to certain substances or to excessive noise levels or vibrations. Health hazards can cause both immediate acute and longer-term chronic health effects. For example, exposure to turpentine, a chemical used in some furniture waxes and finishes, can result in a range of health effects, from temporary irritation of the eyes and skin to kidney and bladder damage.
Sources of health hazards include Excessive Noise 2. Vibration from machine operation 3. Wood dust-carcinogens 4. Chemicals-from exposure to coatings, finishing, adhesives, solvent vapours Workplace hazardWorkplace hazards include those points, areas, materials, or situations that could endanger, harm, injure, or cause death in extreme cases to man within the workplace. Such conditions include moving parts of machinery, working at heights, slippery surfaces, electrical energy, excessive noise, toxic substances, and lifting of heavy objects.
Many of these hazards leading to fatal or non-fatal incidents had similar circumstances and common associated factors, regardless of the working category or location of the work in which they were included. These circumstances and contributing factors are with emphasis on the type of fatal events, rather than the working category of the affected persons.
Workplace safety in rural environmentRural and remote areas are diverse and include small settlements, farms and remote communities and towns. Rates of serious injury are higher for people living in rural and remote areas than for people living in major cities. To some extent in Nigeria, higher rates can be explained in terms of longer distance and bad road network linking rural environment to major cities. For example, residents of farms and small, remote communities have more need to travel for long distances to get to their farms or to get their farm products to the market.
Risks also differ in other ways. For example, certain occupations known to present high risk of serious injury, notably farming and mining are located mainly in rural and remote areas. Occupational healthOccupational health is concerned with the effects of workplace environment on an employee's health and also the effects of health on work and goes above and beyond the confines of health and safety compliance. The World Health Organization WHO in defined health as the "state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity".
The HSE has identified two aspects of occupational hazards. The first and most important aspect is the effect of work on employees' health and the health of others. The second aspect is to ensure:a. That people with health conditions, or who have a disability or impairment, are not unreasonably prevented from taking up job opportunities; and b. That people at work are fit to perform required tasks, for example, by adapting work practices for people with conditions such as epilepsy or asthma, or making sure that people working in compressed air are fit to do so.
In most countries, the rates of accident and injury prevailing in the industry are higher than what prevail in other industries.
In , Loushine et al. HSE a reports that Britain's construction industry, which is one of the biggest industries providing employment for 2. Occupational health situation in NigeriaThe Nigerian Occupational Health and Safety Act No 85 of require that the workplace environment be safe and healthy for the employee and the employer. Occupational health situation in the developing countries regarding accident and injury monitor and control is worse.
The analysis indicated that more people are engaged in manual works such as agriculture, which has been adjudged the most hazardous occupation engaged in by man. The implication is that more people are exposed to the occupational health hazards as a result of the primitive occupational practice employed in production activities.
As a matter of fact, mechanization of agriculture goes with hazards as the use of plant and equipment is prone to accidents and injuries as well.
How is occupational health provided? Occupational health practitioners are few and are mostly engaged in multinational and large national establishments and medical schools. There are a few of such independent consulting firms spotted around the nation especially in Lagos and Port Harcourt. They provide services to medium and large-scale industries. Workers in small-scale industries, particularly those in the informal sector have little or no access to such occupational health services.
Who provides the services? Most qualified occupational physicians in Nigeria provide services mainly in multinational and large-scale government enterprises. Large-and medium scale enterprises engage general practitioners to provide curative services for their workers.
Workplaces with on-site clinics employ full-time registered nurses usually with no occupational health qualifications. They work with the on-site physician or refer cases to a designated general practitioner. How is occupational health represented? The Society of Occupational Health Physicians of Nigeria has approximately 90 members comprising occupational health specialists and general practitioners engaged in various sectors of the manufacturing industry. Occupational health legislationsA substantial revision of the colonial legislation, Factories Act , and the factories decree of provides legislations in occupational health in Nigeria.
For instance, the factories decree of changed the definition of a factory from an enterprise with 10 or more workers to a premise with one or more workers thereby providing oversight for the numerous small-scale enterprises that engage the majority of the workforce in Nigeria. The current legislation is the Factories Act which in essence is the same as the legislation.
Enforcement of legislation is carried out by the Factory Inspectorate of the Ministry of Labour. This Ministry produced a National Policy on Safety and Health in which details the responsibilities of employers, workers, manufacturers and government agencies in the maintenance of the health and safety of workers. Industrial legislation in NigeriaIndustrial legislation in Nigeria has taken place in two periods; preindependence era under colonial administration and the second was after the independence.
Before independence, industrial legislation in Nigeria was Workmen's Ordinance of , Labour Code Ordinance of and Factories Act of , revised in , were modelled to all intents and purposes in the same pattern as in Britain since independence; the situation has not changed but the basic document has changed minimally from colonial days. From time to time, there had been amendment of one section of the act after another.
The most significant change was the coming into law of the Factory Act on account of the deficiencies of the Factories Act of that the new law was enacted to replace The Factories Act Roles of research and education in Nigeria occupational healthMuch of the researches in occupational health in Nigeria take place in the medical schools with occupational physicians and academic staff in related fields.
Few other educational institutions such as Kaduna Polytechnic runs a safety professional course.
Hazard and Risk
With the growing numbers of iron ore pelletization industries in India, various impacts on environment and health in relation to the workplace will rise. Therefore, understanding the hazardous process is crucial in the development of effective control measures. The aim of the study was to identify all the possible hazards at different workplaces of an iron ore pelletizing industry, to conduct an occupational health risk assessment, to calculate the risk rating based on the risk matrix, and to compare the risk rating before and after the control measures. The research was a cross-sectional study done from March to December in an iron ore pelletizing industry located in Odisha, India. A total of hazards were identified.
OSHA has recently updated the Guidelines for Safety and Health Programs it first released 30 years ago, to reflect changes in the economy, workplaces, and evolving safety and health issues. The new Recommended Practices have been well received by a wide variety of stakeholders and are designed to be used in a wide variety of small and medium-sized business settings. The Recommended Practices present a step-by-step approach to implementing a safety and health program, built around seven core elements that make up a successful program. The main goal of safety and health programs is to prevent workplace injuries, illnesses, and deaths, as well as the suffering and financial hardship these events can cause for workers, their families, and employers. The recommended practices use a proactive approach to managing workplace safety and health. Traditional approaches are often reactive —that is, problems are addressed only after a worker is injured or becomes sick, a new standard or regulation is published, or an outside inspection finds a problem that must be fixed.
The University expects all heads of departments to ensure appropriate control measures are identified and implemented for manual handling activities and to make sure any lifting equipment used is suitable and fit for purpose. The assessment should decide how best to reduce the risk of injury. This should be based on the following hierarchy of control.
Workshops are hazardous environments both by nature and the activities people carry out in them. This article outlines common workshop hazards and control measures that you can take to reduce them. There are many jobs associated with workshops, such as carpentry, welding, and paint spraying.
Order your copy here. Having an efficient workshop can be one of the most cost-effective ways of maintaining plant and equipment on site. It can also be an area of great risk. Putting this procedure into place will help improve the housekeeping on your site and minimise the risk to employees and contractors when maintenance is being undertaken. What is this?
This advice also applies to fabrication, maintenance or other workshop-type activities not in the boundaries of a defined workshop area.
3. Manual Handling Control Measures
Тут написано - Quis custodiet ipsos custodes. Это можно примерно перевести как… - Кто будет охранять охранников! - закончила за него Сьюзан. Беккера поразила ее реакция. - Сьюзан, не знал, что ты… - Это из сатир Ювенала! - воскликнула .
Меган сказала, что, если тереть глаза, будет только хуже. Он даже представить себе не может, насколько хуже. Не в силах сдержать нетерпение, Беккер попытался позвонить снова, но по-прежнему безрезультатно.
Голос Дэвида точно вел ее, управляя ее действиями. Она бросилась к лестнице и начала подниматься к кабинету Стратмора. За ее спиной ТРАНСТЕКСТ издал предсмертный оглушающий стон. Когда распался последний силиконовый чип, громадная раскаленная лава вырвалась наружу, пробив верхнюю крышку и выбросив на двадцать метров вверх тучу керамических осколков, и в то же мгновение насыщенный кислородом воздух шифровалки втянуло в образовавшийся вакуум. Сьюзан едва успела взбежать на верхнюю площадку лестницы и вцепиться в перила, когда ее ударил мощный порыв горячего ветра.