wellhead and christmas tree equipment pdf

Wellhead And Christmas Tree Equipment Pdf

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Christmas Tree is connected to the top of the tubing and cemented to the top of the casing. The Christmas tree is the heart of the offshore hydrocarbon production system. It is the primary means of the well control and plays a key role in the emergency shut down system.

Christmas Tree is connected to the top of the tubing and cemented to the top of the casing. The Christmas tree is the heart of the offshore hydrocarbon production system. It is the primary means of the well control and plays a key role in the emergency shut down system. The Christmas tree sits on the top of the wellhead casing system and represents the interface between the well and the production and process facility. The Christmas tree consists of an assembly of a gate valve that controls the flow of hydrocarbons.

Christmas Tree & Wellhead

Some of the oil reservoirs consists high volume of acid substances, such as hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide, which requires very reliable and tested materials for equipment. REIN is ready to process your requirements and provide the best solution for your effective and safe operation. Each day in oilfields is measured by either big losses or revenues for the operation companies.

That is why, it is important to receive the flow-control and production equipment on time. REIN is always at your service when you give us a first call.

There is always a psychological battle between the sellers and buyer. The buyer wishes to purchase at the lowest price, while the seller wishes to sell at the highest price. REIN always keep the balance and provides the most affordable and competitive prices for the clients, meeting their budget expectation. REIN consists of experienced and qualified team of oil and gas industry. We serve the client all over the world, who has different equipment requirements, different application type onshore or offshore , different standards and certifications.

But some of the principles are the universal, like safety and operability. REIN follows the two main principles and provides the equipment suitable for your application, standard and certification requirements. Our team consists of experienced and qualified personnel who are ready to provide immediate support and customed solutions. Our raw material is fabricated in certified mills, which has all necessary qualifications and experience to provide high-quality raw materials. Engineering team provides creative solutions and professional design based on the market standard and the requirements of individual client.

Rein Wellhead Equipment also designs and supplies complete systems for flow back operations and surface well testing which can be mounted in special mobile containers or trailers for convenient and safe operation. Dual Pot Sand Filter is designed to remove small solids and sands coming with well stream. Rein designs and supplies Solid Bed Scavengers for efficient hydrogen sulfide removal from natural gas for domestic natural gas processing company.

Highly efficient h2s adsorbents allow operator to remove H2S from natural gas stream, lowering H2S amount below 2 ppm. Rein Process Equipment, the division of REIN, focuses of design, fabrication and supplying natural gas treatment system, such as gas sweetening units, gas dehydration system, NGL units, as well as other solutions for natural gas production and processing.

Rein Wellhead Equipment is a flowback and wellhead equipment manufacturer and supplier from China. Our products are widely used in natural gas development and production fields.

Then, by flowline equipment natural gas is delivered to water bath heater indirect line heater , where pressure is reduced by installed choke valve in heating coils, then natural gas is delivered to three phase separator where separation occurs. Rein Wellhead Equipment finishes design and production of choke manifolds, data header, SSV and other well test equipment for the project in Middle East. Dart type check valves are designed for psi pressure and can be applied in H2S-containing working environment.

Rein Wellhead Equipment delivered several sets of 4-valve choke manifolds for the Serbian client. X-mas tree and wellhead is the essential mechanical equipment used in oilfield as the main flow control devices. Wellhead assembly consist of wellhead and x-mass tree. Wellhead part of the assembly consist of casing stub, casing head,casing hanger,. Equipment which have been used by the client needed additional spare parts to replace oil one in order to use available wellhead equipment.

Due to the high requirements, equipment was tested and certified with PR2 certification. The surface safety valve, in short SSV, is the second item of well test system, exposed to well effluent. API 6A Swivel Joints are special mechanical equipment designed to connect oilfield machinery and direct flow in or out of wells in safe and effective way. Adjustable Choke Valve is a special angle valve designed to reduce pressure of well stream to the required level, so upstream equipment may handle fluids and gases more safely and effectively.

Adjustable Choke Valve is often used as a component of wellhead and Christmas tree assemblies, choke manifolds, in-line heaters, desanders and other oilfield equipment. There are two types of commonly used choke valves, adjustable choke valve and positive bean choke valves. Debris Catcher Manifold consists of several plug valves or slab gate valves, catcher-cylinder, high-pressure fittings, and pressure gauge. Proppant is a solid used in hydraulic fracturing for keeping the fractures open to provide pathway for hydrocarbons to flow out to the surface.

Hydraulic fracturing is one of the modern techniques of oilfield operation. Hydraulic fracturing is conducted in low-permeability reservoirs to break rocks, thus increasing permeability and reduce the skin damage caused by drilling. Hydraulic fracturing is conducted by fleet of expensive Flowback operation is conduced to handle amount of flowback fluid, consisting of gas, liquid, water and solids, coming after hydraulic fracturing.

Flowback and clean-up operations are necessary to prevent proppant damage in the formation and maintaining the integrity of the performance of well s. Choke manifold is special valve assembly consisting at least of two chokes and several valves designed to control flow of the well stream.

Design of choke manifold differs depending on the oilfield requirements. English sales reinwellheadequipment. Fast Delivery Each day in oilfields is measured by either big losses or revenues for the operation companies. Cost-Effectiveness There is always a psychological battle between the sellers and buyer.

Learn More. Enter Details. PDF Download. What is dual pot sand filter de-sander and how it works? Rein supplies quality H2S Scavengers and Gas Sweetening Units for wellsite installation Rein designs and supplies Solid Bed Scavengers for efficient hydrogen sulfide removal from natural gas for domestic natural gas processing company.

Rein Process Equipment offers cost-effective solutions for H2S removal from natural gas by Iron Sponge Process Rein Process Equipment, the division of REIN, focuses of design, fabrication and supplying natural gas treatment system, such as gas sweetening units, gas dehydration system, NGL units, as well as other solutions for natural gas production and processing.

Flowback equipment, cyclone wellhead desander, choke manifolds and other API 6A equipment for sale Rein Wellhead Equipment is a flowback and wellhead equipment manufacturer and supplier from China. Projects Rein Wellhead Equipment finishes design and production of choke manifolds, data header, SSV and other well test equipment for the project in Middle East. Wellhead part of the assembly consist of casing stub, casing head,casing hanger, Learn More.

The surface safety valve, in short SSV, is the second item of well test system, exposed to well effluent Learn More. What is Adjustable Choke Valve? What kind of chemical is used during hydraulic fracturing? There are several important chemicals are injected during hydraulic fracturing.

Some of them are given below:. What is proppant? What is hydraulic fracturing? What is flowback? What is Choke Manifold? Quick Contact Form If you have question or inquiry, you may contact us by filling the form below. We will provide you response within 24 hours.

My Reading on Specifications for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment Chapter 1 ~ 9

Model KYS Rated working pressure 21MPa 2. There is optimizing design of the head of tubing, to meet the strength and rational distribution of the internal structure parts, its easy installation and operation. Using a special back-pressure in the tubing hung thread, in order realize no pressure work. It can effectively prevent corrosion of valves stem. Gas Christmas tree is connecting the heads of tubing pipe flange. There are two plate valves and two adjustable throttle valves setting on the both sides of tubing head and main valve, the plate valve designed with balance rod which can reduce the switch torque.

Now, my company is achieving great success and huge profits. My students always tell me that "you know exactly what we need", and this encourages me a lot to start a career as an Online instructor. Pressure sealing and isolation between casing at surface when many casing strings are used. Disposal PCP Well. K and U are the largest and overlap the other ranges. Y has the highest temperature rating. Multiple casing spools may be used, one on top of the other, to hang intermediate casing strings and the final production casing string.

Christmas Tree & Wellhead

Now, my company is achieving great success and huge profits. My students always tell me that "you know exactly what we need", and this encourages me a lot to start a career as an Online instructor. Pressure sealing and isolation between casing at surface when many casing strings are used. Disposal PCP Well. K and U are the largest and overlap the other ranges.

API SPEC 6A : Specification for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment

Schuh, F. This document is significantly changed-from the previous 14th Edition of Spec 6A. It introduces a concept of "Product Specification Levels" PSL's which represent different levels or aggregations of technical requirements for equipment manufactured in accord with the specification. Also described are temperature and retained-fluid requirements which equipment must meet. Included are design methods, more detailed material, and welding and quality control requirements. Appendices include suggestions for using service conditions and PSL's in ordering equipment. The new specification is intended as a purchase document for a family of "standard" wellhead and Christmas tree equipment which would perform satisfactorily and safely in new installations including most offshore installations without supplemental requirements.

A Christmas Tree comprises a series of valves, spools, a choke, and connection. It used for production or injection wells such as oil wells, gas wells, water injection wells, water disposal wells, etc. A wellhead must be present in order to utilize a Christmas tree and is used without a Christmas tree during drilling operations. Producing wells that require pumps, such as Sucher Rod Pumping Systems, frequently do not utilize any tree due to no pressure containment requirement. The following video details Wellhead and Christmas Tree compounds, how they are installed and their main functions:.

Some of the oil reservoirs consists high volume of acid substances, such as hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide, which requires very reliable and tested materials for equipment. REIN is ready to process your requirements and provide the best solution for your effective and safe operation. Each day in oilfields is measured by either big losses or revenues for the operation companies. That is why, it is important to receive the flow-control and production equipment on time. REIN is always at your service when you give us a first call.

Wellhead and Christmas tree components, types, functions and more

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API flanges are manufactured for high strength operating refinery systems with products such as oil and explosive gases. CCT Open Interfaces. A short summary of this paper. Allows you to run a report through the API over a date range you specify to return data on Direct Debit charge and credit transactions processed through your merchant account. The description for APV equipment consists of a general description, working pressure, temperature rating material class rating, product specification level PSL and performance requirement PR.

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In the complicated but vital industry of drawing oil and gas out of the earth and getting it to the surface, people often get confused about the difference between a Christmas tree assembly and a wellhead. Although the terms are used interchangeably, they are not the same piece of equipment. Each has valves and related equipment that help it control and guide the flow of this precious resource. A Christmas tree is an assembly of valves, spools and fittings used for oil, gas, water injection, water disposal, gas injection, condensate and other types of wells.

Фонтейн пребывал в изумлении. - Неужели так. - Утечка информации! - кричал кто-то.

Christmas Tree and Wellhead: Function, Components, Difference, Design Codes

Беккер держался той же версии: он - немецкий турист, готовый заплатить хорошие деньги за рыжеволосую, которую сегодня нанял его брат. На этот раз ему очень вежливо ответили по-немецки, но снова сказали, что рыжих девочек у них. - Keine Rotkopfe, простите.

1 comments

Karen C.

In the complicated but vital industry of drawing oil and gas out of the earth and getting it to the surface, people often get confused about the difference between a Christmas tree assembly and a wellhead.

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