# History Of Indian Mathematicians And Their Contributions Pdf

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- Srinivasa Ramanujan
- LIST OF IMPORTANT MATHEMATICIANS – TIMELINE
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- 15 Famous Mathematicians and Their Contributions

## Srinivasa Ramanujan

Jump to navigation. India has had a long legacy of extraordinary teachers and scholars who had immense knowledge about mathematics and astronomy. From discovering the concept of zero to calculating the correct days in a year, mathematicians in India have been at the forefront of challenging the norms as well as a thirst for knowledge.

He is famous for putting out concepts like lunar eclipse and solar eclipse, rotation of Earth on its axis, reflection of light by moon, value of pi correct to 4 decimal places, circumference of Earth to His works include the famous Aryabhatiya which he wrote when he was just 23 years old. He influenced other future mathematicians and thinkers like Lalla, Bhaskara I, Brahmagupta, Varahamihira. Brahmagupta was born on CE in Ujjain. He was an Indian mathematician and astronomer.

His book Brahmasphutasiddhanta is the first text that mentions zero as a number. Besides that, he also gave out many algebra and arithmetic related concepts and formulas. He is one of the most recognised Indian mathematicians although he had almost no formal training in pure mathematics. He is known for mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions, including solutions to mathematical problems considered to be unsolvable.

A renowned Indian scientist and applied statistician he contributed the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure and for being one of the members of the first Planning commission of free India. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute, and contributed to the design of large-scale sample surveys. He is an Indian-born and now naturalized American citizen. A mathematician and statistician, he is currently professor emeritus at Penn State University and Research Professor at the University at Buffalo.

His contributions include estimation theory, statistical inference and linear models multivariate analysis, combinatorial design, orthogonal arrays, biometry, statistical genetics, generalized matrix inverses and functional equations. He was a recreational mathematician who described several classes of natural numbers including the Kaprekar, Harshad and Self numbers and discovered the Kaprekar constant. He published extensively and became well known in recreational mathematics circles without an formal doctorate.

Harish Chandra was born on October 11, in Kanpur, India. The Indian American mathematician and physicist is know for his fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups. A renowned Indian physics, he specialised in theoretical physics. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early s, providing the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate.

He was awarded India's second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in by the Government of India. The class of particles that obey Bose-Einstein statistics, bosons, was named after Bose. Bhaskara was born in the year in Bijapur in Karnataka. He was an Indian mathematician and astronomer and is known as the greatest mathematician of medieval India. His main work Siddhanta Shiromani Crown of Treatises has laid foundations for many theories in arithmetic, algebra, mathematics of the planets, and spheres.

He was perhaps the first to conceive the differential coefficient and differential calculus, way before Newton and Leibniz. Narendra Krishna Karmarkar born in the year in Gwalior is an Indian mathematician, who is known for Karmarkar's algorithm which solves linear programming problems in polynomial time. Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? Click here to stay informed and know what is happening around the world with our G. To get more updates on Current Affairs, send in your query by mail to education.

Here are 10 Indian mathematicians who changed the world by their discoveries:. Mahalanobis shares. Rao shares. Kaprekar shares.

## LIST OF IMPORTANT MATHEMATICIANS – TIMELINE

Being a mathematician is hard. Only a few people have mastered this subject and achieved fame. Of those, there have been some famous Indian mathematicians. In this article, we will discuss some of the famous mathematicians and their contributions to Mathematics. Here is a PDF that consists of riddles about famous mathematicians.

From making purchases to allocating your monthly pocket money to measuring quantities while cooking, all of us use math in our day-to-day activities even without realizing it. Further, he worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He also explained how to find the cube and cube-root of an integer and gave rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots. He made substantial contributions to Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method in number theory and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, partial sums, products of hypergeometric series and infinite series. Besides these, he had also made pioneering studies in the field of anthropometry and had founded the Indian Statistical Institute. He also contributed to the design of large scale sample surveys in India.

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This is a chronological list of some of the most important mathematicians in history and their major achievments, as well as some very early achievements in mathematics for which individual contributions can not be acknowledged. Where the mathematicians have individual pages in this website, these pages are linked; otherwise more information can usually be obtained from the general page relating to the particular period in history, or from the list of sources used. Search for:. Hardy British Progress toward solving Riemann hypothesis proved infinitely many zeroes on the critical line , encouraged new tradition of pure mathematics in Britain, taxicab numbers Pierre Fatou French Pioneer in field of complex analytic dynamics, investigated iterative and recursive processes L.

### 15 Famous Mathematicians and Their Contributions

Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity numbers , structure, space and change. For example- decimal number system, concept of zero as a number, negative numbers, arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry etc. From ancient to the Medieval India, the mathematical works were composed in Sanskrit especially consists of sutras in which a set of rules or problems were stated. Here, we are giving the list of Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India with their contribution. Notable Work: Approximation of the square root of 2 and the statement of a version of the Pythagorean Theorem. Notable Work: Matrameru, binary numeral system, arithmetical triangle.

It is no doubt that the world today is greatly indebted to the contributions made by Indian mathematicians. One of the most important contribution made by them was the introduction of decimal system as well as the invention of zero. Here are some the famous Indian mathematicians dating back from Indus Valley civilization and Vedas to Modern times. Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities.

Harish Chandra was a famous American physicist and mathematician from Indian origin. He pursued his masters under the supervision of Homi Bhabha. He has.

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Srinivasa Ramanujan , born December 22, , Erode , India—died April 26, , Kumbakonam , Indian mathematician whose contributions to the theory of numbers include pioneering discoveries of the properties of the partition function. At age 15 Srinivasa Ramanujan obtained a mathematics book containing thousands of theorems , which he verified and from which he developed his own ideas. Srinivasa Ramanujan is remembered for his unique mathematical brilliance, which he had largely developed by himself. This collection of thousands of theorems , many presented with only the briefest of proofs and with no material newer than , aroused his genius. In he secured a scholarship to the University of Madras but lost it the following year because he neglected all other studies in pursuit of mathematics.

Jump to navigation. India has had a long legacy of extraordinary teachers and scholars who had immense knowledge about mathematics and astronomy.

Indian mathematics emerged in the Indian subcontinent [1] from BC [2] until the end of the 18th century. The decimal number system in use today [3] was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in Sanskrit , usually consisted of a section of sutras in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form and therefore its memorization was not considered so important as the ideas involved.

Стратмор посмотрел на ее залитое слезами лицо, и ему показалось, что вся она засветилась в сиянии дневного света. Ангел, подумал. Ему захотелось увидеть ее глаза, он надеялся найти в них избавление. Но в них была только смерть.

Она попыталась вспомнить, что это. Сбои техники в Третьем узле были такой редкостью, что номера ошибок в ее памяти не задерживалось. Сьюзан пролистала справочник и нашла нужный список. 19: ОШИБКА В СИСТЕМНОМ РАЗДЕЛЕ 20: СКАЧОК НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ 21: СБОЙ СИСТЕМЫ ХРАНЕНИЯ ДАННЫХ Наконец она дошла до пункта 22 и, замерев, долго всматривалась в написанное. Потом, озадаченная, снова взглянула на монитор.

- Цифровая крепость сразу же станет всеобщим стандартом шифрования. - Сразу же? - усомнилась Сьюзан. - Каким образом. Даже если Цифровая крепость станет общедоступной, большинство пользователей из соображений удобства будут продолжать пользоваться старыми программами.

*Корпоративные программисты во всем мире озаботились решением проблемы безопасности электронной почты.*

Может, отключить его самим? - предложила Сьюзан. Стратмор кивнул. Ему не нужно было напоминать, что произойдет, если три миллиона процессоров перегреются и воспламенятся. Коммандеру нужно было подняться к себе в кабинет и отключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ, пока никто за пределами шифровалки не заметил этой угрожающей ситуации и не отправил людей им на помощь.

Сьюзан чуть не свалилась со стула. - Что. - Может случиться так, что компьютер, найдя нужный ключ, продолжает поиски, как бы не понимая, что нашел то, что искал. - Стратмор смотрел на нее отсутствующим взглядом. - Я полагаю, у этого алгоритма меняющийся открытый текст.

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Quick Info Born 22 December Erode, Tamil Nadu state, India Died 26 April Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu state, India Summary Ramanujan made substantial contributions to the analytical theory of numbers and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, and infinite series.

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