Migration And Types Of Migration Pdf
File Name: migration and types of migration .zip
After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Migration 2. Types of Migration 3. Concepts 4. Migration is the third factor for changes in the population, the other being birth rate and death rate. As compared to birth rate and death rate, migration affects the size of population differently. Migration is not a biological event like birth rate and death rate, but is influenced by the social, cultural, economic and political factors.
The relatively permanent movement of people across territorial boundaries is referred to as inmigration and out-migration, or immigration and emigration when the boundaries crossed are international. The place of in-migration or immigration is called the receiver population, and the place of out-migration or emigration is called the sender population. There are two basic types of migration studied by demographers:. Jay Weinstein and Vijayan Pillai denote a third classification: forced migration. Forced migration exists when a person is moved against their will slaves , or when the move is initiated because of external factors natural disaster or civil war. The distinction between internal and international migration is crucial because they happen for different reasons. Because structural barriers are more likely to impede the mobility of a potential international migrant than an internal migrant—international migration involves more administrative procedures, greater expense, and more difficulties associated with obtaining employment, accessing state services, learning a new language, and the like—the motivations behind international migration are usually stronger than those behind internal migration Weeks
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. In the three decades since the main period of independence in Africa, population distribution and redistribution through migration have remained important and widely recognized features of the population dynamics of the continent. John O. Oucho is an associate professor of demography and director of the Population Studies and Research Institute in Nairobi, Kenya.
MIGRATION. Types, Causes and. Consequences. Ram Babu, working as an engineer in Bhilai. Steel Plant, Chhattisgarh, was born in a small village of district.
Methods of measuring internal migration
People migrate for many different reasons. These reasons can be classified as economic, social, political or environmental :. Some people choose to migrate, eg someone who moves to another country to enhance their career opportunities.
A refugee family crosses the Moei River into Thailand. They carry their belongings. Build background about human migration and types of migration. Explain to students that human migration is the movement of people from one place in the world to another. Ask: What are some different types of human movements?
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Migration data sources
Human migration involves the movement of people from one place to another with intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily, at a new location geographic region. The movement often occurs over long distances and from one country to another, but internal migration within a single country is also possible; indeed, this is the dominant form of human migration globally. Age is also important for both work and non-work migration. Persons moving from their home due to forced displacement such as a natural disaster or civil disturbance may be described as displaced persons or, if remaining in the home country, internally-displaced persons.
The demands for migration data arising from the Agenda for Sustainable Development have prompted the international statistical community to review the use of traditional sources for migration data, such as population and housing censuses, household surveys and administrative records. There is also increased interest in looking for alternative sources to enhance the collection and analysis of migration data. Information about migration comes from a variety of data sources that have strengths and limitations and can be used to produce different migration statistics.
For a better understanding of migration, it is necessary to classify migration according to its types. There are two major types of migration: a) internal migration.
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PIP: Migration has been defined as spatial or geographic mobility involving a change of residence between clearly defined georgraphic and administrative areas. This study of internal migration involves several types of migratory moves: 1 rural to urban migration, 2 rural to rural migration, 3 urban to rural migration, 4 urban to urban migration, and 5 interregional migration. This paper reviews the sources of data on internal migration and discusses the methods which have been developed to measure internal migration in the attempt by social scientists to study the various aspects of the phenomenon. Internal migration information may be obtained through responses to direct migration questions in censuses and surveys or indirectly through the analysis of aspects of population data of component areas in successive censuses. The methods used in measuring internal migration are classified into 2 main types: direct and indirect methods. The direct measures are based on data from the following census topics: 1 places of birth, 2 duration of residence, 3 place of last residence, and 4 place of residence at a fixed prior date.
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